The Giffords Law Center awarded Ohio with a ‘D’ letter grade for 2018. This landed the state at 22nd on both the national gun law strength and gun death rank scales. The state also came in at a 13.7 gun death rate per 100,000 people average, above the national average of 11.9. The Center notes that, while the state did pass some effective legislation as it pertains to guns in 2018, state lawmakers have still failed to take any initiative to implement many otherwise basic measures.
Ohioans have three distinct options for purchasing guns in Ohio:
Note: This list does not comprehensively lay out every single gun-related law in Ohio Revised Code, but rather, is meant to provide a high-level glance at guns in the state. If interested, please refer to Ohio Revised Code for all further inquiries and/or questions:
Note: This list does not comprehensively lay out every single gun-related inaction that is not present in Ohio Revised Code, but rather, it is meant to provide a high-level glance at guns in the state. If interested, please refer to Ohio Revised Code for all further inquiries and/or questions:
Nationally-speaking, 2018 was a stand-out year in recent memory for gun control legislation at the state level. The Giffords Law Center reported that more than half of all states in the United States passed at least one bill pertaining to gun control. In total, they reported that 69 gun control measures were passed by the states, more than any given year since 2012. And yet, nine restriction-loosening bills were still passed around the country. Action, or rather, complete inaction, at the federal level, remains another issue entirely.
Turning to Ohio, specifically, the Ohio General Assembly and former Governor John Kasich fought frequently throughout the year over several gun-related measures. Perhaps the most notable of these fights happened during the lame duck period over a “Stand Your Ground” bill (i.e. House Bill 228) that was introduced, vetoed, and later passed via veto override as a more watered down version of its original self. The bill shifts to the state the burden to prove beyond reasonable doubt that a person charged with an offense that involved the use of force against another did not use that force in defense of self, in defense of another, or in defense of that person’s residence. It also expanded the circumstances under which a person has no duty to retreat in defense of self, in defense of another, or in defense of the person’s residence, as well as reducing certain concealed handgun offenses to minor misdemeanors, and eliminating the mandatory posting of signs that warn against the conveyance of a deadly weapon and/or dangerous ordnance on a specific premises. Other bills that passed included House Bill 79 and Senate Bill 81, which respectively allow for tactical medical professionals to carry firearms while on duty, and allow for veterans to forego the civilian training requirements during the concealed carry permit process. A number of other bills all failed to make it past the committee stage of the legislative process.
Source(s): The Giffords Law Center, The New York Times, WOSU Public Media